Speech & Language Therapy is related to any problem in communication. Therapy is given for problem like not speaking clearly, repeating certain word, child not speaking at an early age, voice disorder , problem in communication after an accident and so on, the facets are many. Most of these problems are commonly encountered but ignored or avoided for various reasons.
The main components of speech production include:
Phonation, the process of sound production; resonance; intonation, the variation of pitch; and voice, including aeromechanical components of respiration.
Speech Disorders and Language Disorders:
- Articulation disorders: Difficulties producing sounds in syllables or saying words incorrectly to the point that listeners can’t understand what’s being said.
- Fluency disorders: problems such as stuttering, in which the flow of speech is interrupted by abnormal stoppages, repetitions (st-st-stuttering), or prolonging sounds and syllables (ssssstuttering).
- Resonance or voice disorders: problems with the pitch, volume, or quality of the voice that distract listeners from what’s being said. These types of disorders may also cause pain or discomfort for a child when speaking.
- Dysphagia/oral feeding disorders: these include difficulties with drooling, eating, and swallowing.
Language disorders can be either receptive or expressive:
- Receptive disorders: difficulties understanding or processing language.
- Expressive disorders: difficulty putting words together, limited vocabulary, or inability to use language in a socially appropriate way.