Evaluation and optimisation of patient’s clinical condition before operation and assessment of risk involved is the responsibility of the anesthesiologists along with the surgeon. Intensive care support is provided to patients who are critically ill in the post-operative period or to those, who suffer from critical illness due to other medical and surgical problems or trauma.
Role of Anaesthesiologist in Modern Medicine:
Inside Operation Theater:
Contrary to the notion that anaesthesiologists only put patients to sleep by administering medications and bring them back to consciousness, the anaesthesiologists actually help in decision making about the feasibility of operation depending upon the pre-existing physical or functional problems of the patient and nature of the operation. Anaesthesiologist optimises the vital function before operation, maintains it during operation and supports it as per need after the operation is over.
Outside the Operation Theatre
Intensive Care :-
Critical care is emerging as a super speciality for managing patients who are very seriously ill but not terminally ill and are in need of sophisticated life support system to salvage them from near death situations. Contribution of anaesthesiologist is immense at global level in developing critical care to its present form.
Remaining free of pain is the right for any individual. Doctors have been relieving pain with a variety of medications and treatments since ages. This aspect of medical care is now developed enough to be identified as a separate sub-speciality. Now, some doctor’s choose to become specialists in treating pain. They are focused on in-depth study and management of all types of pain related to acute and chronic diseases, post-operation pain and even in reducing labour pain. Doctors who manage pain, frequently have an anaesthesia background.
The trauma anesthesiologist plays a key role in the successful resuscitation of the injured patient. The anesthesiologist is trained to give necessary care to trauma victims (i.e. advanced airway management, resuscitation from shock, and interpretation of invasive monitoring) and can perform these functions continuously from arrival to the trauma center through the operating room and recovery units including the intensive care unit.
Small but clinically significant proportion of patients suffers from non-curable diseases and become terminally ill. During the course of such diseases, they experience severe physical and/or psychological stress and pain, which is usually refractory to the common medicines. Anaesthesiologists are uniquely qualified to contribute to the comprehensive care of such patients due to their knowledge and skill in eliminating pain with medicines and different type of invasive and non-invasive procedures.
The anesthesiologist is often the best prepared to deal with an emergency situation. Accordingly and because of their expertise in airway management they are considered an important part of the cardiac arrest team in most major hospitals. Because of the unique background, Department of Anesthesia also plays an effective role in teaching and providing training in both Basic Life Support and Advanced Cardiac Life Support techniques.